About Countries in Africa

Countries in Africa

As the world’s second largest continent, stretching across both hemispheres and six time zones, Africa has much to offer travelers. The continent is a vast expanse of diverse habitats, nationalities and amazing sights.

Africa is ancient and fascinating, hailed as the Cradle of Mankind and even featured in the Old Testament. It is a continent that has known many struggles and much strife, yet it remains a welcoming and fascinating destination.

Africa appeals to the adventurous, the curious, and those who wish to reach back to their ancient roots. It is a place that offers traditional rituals juxtaposed against modern technology, massive conservation areas alongside hunting lodges, and pristine wilderness butted up against thriving cities.

Let’s shed some light on the Dark Continent. These are the countries of Africa:

  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Benin
  • Botswana
    Small and prosperous, Botswana is coming to the fore as an excellent destination for tourists wanting a less mainstream safari experience.
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic (CAR)
  • Chad
  • Comoros
  • Democratic Republic of theCongo
  • Republic of theCongo
  • Cote d’Ivoire
  • Djibouti
  • Egypt
    The land of the pharaohs is a hub for tourists wanting to explore the history of this ancient country or spend time on its glorious beaches.
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • ESwatini (formerly Swaziland)
    Nestled in the bosom of South Africa, Swaziland is made up of highlands, valleys and savannahs in the heart of southern Africa’s big game country.
  • Ethiopia
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Kenya
    Kenya thrills with Out-of-Africa experiences coupled with stunning beaches and superb scuba diving opportunities.
  • Lesotho
    This mountain kingdom at the tip of the Drakensberg Mountains is an adventure seekers paradise with huge crags for exploring, 4×4 adventures to enjoy and views forever.
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Madagascar
    A country of silver screen fame, Madagascar’s jungles and beaches enchant the adventurous nature lover.
  • Malawi
    Lake Malawi is a top spot for fishing, lounging and water sports, while the high plateaus of this tiny country are perfect for hiking holidays with a view.
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
    One of Africa’s premier fly-and-flop destinations, Mauritius offers a colorful island adventure with immeasurable allure.
  • Morocco
    Morocco is a mysterious paradise of spice, sand, sea, historic stone architecture and lush gardens.
  • Mozambique
    One of Africa’s premier beach destinations, Mozambique offers unspoilt solitude, spectacular scuba diving and excellent fishing.
  • Namibia
    The Land of Sand enchants with spectacularly diverse landscapes, vast conservation areas, priceless archaeological sites, riveting adventure activities and amazing geological attractions. More about Namibia.
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
    One of Africa’s fastest developing countries, Nigeria also boasts a wealth of wildlife, gorgeous beaches, towering rock formations, stone architecture and thrilling adventures.
  • Rwanda
    While Rwanda remains an under-utilized destination for safari adventures, this is the original primate paradise where Dian Fossey once studied these endangered creatures.
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Senegal
  • Seychelles
    Another top beach destination, the Seychelles has long been the playground of the rich and famous looking for a secluded island escape.
  • Sierra Leone
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
    Possibly the top tourist destination in Africa with over 9,5 million international visitors, the Rainbow Nation has something to please every lover of scenery, culture, safaris, beaches and high adventure. See more about South Africa.
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
  • Tanzania
    Tanzania’s claims to fame are Africa’s highest peak, Mt Kilimanjaro, and the annual wildebeest migration (both shared with Kenya). For a best-of-both-world’s adventure, head off to Zanzibar after your safari. These islands are famed for their stunning beaches and excellent scuba diving opportunities.
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Uganda
    The home of Bwindi National Park and some of Africa’s best gorilla-trekking adventures, Uganda will surprise you with luxury eco-lodges and 5-star service during your stay.
  • Zambia
    The home of the walking safari continues to thrill nature-lovers with unforgettable wildlife experiences, luxury tented lodges and all the action of Victoria Falls.
  • Zimbabwe
    Zimbabwe is back with a big bang after years of political upheaval. Prepare to explore unspoilt game reserves, priceless historic sights and the incredible Victoria Falls.

Travelling to Countries in Africa

Getting to Africa is easier than you think. Most international airports offer flights to Africa’s major airports. Here are Africa’s top rated International Airports:

  • O R Tambo International Airport, Johannesburg (South Africa)
  • Cape Town International Airport, Cape Town (South Africa)
  • Cairo International Airport, Cairo (Egypt)
  • Hurghada International Airport, Hurghada (Egypt)
  • Murtala Muhammed International Airport, Lagos (Nigeria)
  • Mohammed V International Airport, Casablanca (Morocco)
  • Hosea Kutako International Airport, Windhoek (Namibia)
  • Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, Nairobi (Kenya)
  • Kigali International Airport, Kigali (Rwanda)
  • Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam (Port Louis) International Airport, Port Louis (Mauritius)
  • Algiers Houari Boumediene International Airport, Algeria (Algiers)

From these entry points, it’s easy to find intercontinental, domestic and charter flights to your destination of choice.

Many of Africa’s cities offer a reliable public transport system, although hiring a car is essential to make the most of your trip.

Another option is a guided package tour to make sure you get to take in a selection of the best sites and activities on offer.

When to Travel to Africa

Southern African safaris are best enjoyed in winter (May to August), although birders will find that summer is best, and if you’re in it for the sightseeing, any time of year is great.

Central Africa operates on a wet and dry season, which offers excellent game viewing in dry times, or great birding and indoor attractions when it’s wetter.

In the north, you’ll find that the seasons correspond with Europe and North America, except there’s rarely an extremely cold day.

Packing Guide

Sun protection is essential no matter which time of the year you visit Africa; even winter temperatures can seem warm by European standards. Another must-have is insect repellent to stop insects bugging you during your trip.

Don’t forget a camera, binoculars, chargers and plenty of memory cards to record your incredible journeys.

Layers of clothing are advised for travelling in Africa – the morning chill soon gives way to hot days and warm evenings. Sturdy hiking boots, sunglasses and a hat are other essentials for travelling in Africa.

Why Choose Africa?

You can’t say you’ve travelled until you’ve been to Africa. This continent is the stomping ground of the world’s first explorers and the home of some of the planet’s most ancient and incredible geology, fauna and flora.

If you have any qualms about travelling to Africa, your travel agent will soon put your mind at ease. You can always start ‘small by exploring some of the more mainstream countries in Africa like South Africa, Namibia and Zambia. Before too long, you’ll find yourself wanting more.

Every country in Africa has its own unique charms to offer the daring and the not-so-daring traveler, start exploring with Africa Travel Guide.

Please Note: The details shared herein were correct at the time of publishing. However, with time some of this information may change. We recommend confirming information with suppliers prior to making final travel arrangements. If you do happen to find an issue with any information we’ve shared here, please feel free to contact us so that we can make the relevant changes.